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PRL Featured in "Physics": Sound in 2D Ultracold Atoms


We analyze recent experiments done at College de France and published back-to-back in this week's PRL .

Specifically, we demonstrate that collisionless interactions in a 2D ultracold Bose gas can transmit sound waves, in agreement with experiment.

In more detail, using linear response theory within the random phase approximation, we investigate the propagation of sound in a uniform two dimensional (2D) Bose gas in the collisionless regime. We show that the sudden removal of a static density perturbation produces a damped oscillatory behavior revealing that sound can propagate also in the absence of collisions, due to mean-field interaction effects. We provide explicit results for the sound velocity and damping as a function of temperature, pointing out the crucial role played by Landau damping. We support our predictions by performing numerical simulations with the stochastic (projected) Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The results are consistent with the recent experimental observation of sound in a weakly interacting 2D Bose gas both below and above the superfluid Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition.